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Optimizing Design by Understanding How Lab Environment, Type, and Application Affect Energy Use

Mark M. Maguire, PE, and Jeff Heiken, Kling-Lindquist


In general, compared with most other buildings, modern laboratories have larger and more complex mechanical/electrical systems that consume significant amounts of energy. However, there are important differences among the various laboratory situations, especially according to Lab Environment (Institutional vs. Corporate), Lab Type (Chemistry vs. Biology), and Lab Application (Research vs. Teaching). The fundamental parameters consequential for energy use in each situation impact the relative importance of engineering and design solutions. The ultimate design decisions on issues ranging from environmental design criteria, peak vs. part-load performance parameters, system layout and sizing parameters as well as capacity and controls considerations all may change based on the specifics of the building and laboratory program.

This presentation will characterize and contrast the energy use expectations for multiple laboratory situations illustrating how each of the design decisions may be impacted. Using both actual building data as well as generic parametric data, the presentation will propose ranges of energy use that define budgets for the seven basic energy uses. This will be done for laboratories based on Environment, Type, Application and geographical location as well as other considerations.


Mark M. Maguire, PE, is an Engineering Design Principal with Kling in Philadelphia and has been responsible for the design of engineering systems for pharmaceutical research facilities for over twenty years. Mark has presented on topics related to R+D facility design at Tradelines, ISPE and EPA "Labs for the 21st Century" conferences and has published four articles on related subjects. Mark currently is Executive Vice President of ISPE's Delaware Valley chapter, chairs the Student Activities Committee for ASHRAE's Philadelphia chapter, and is an Adjunct Associate Professor of Engineering at Drexel University. Mark holds a BSME from Drexel University and an MS in Energy Management and Policy from the University of Pennsylvania.

Jeff Heiken has a B.S. in Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering from The Pennsylvania State University. He has worked as a mechanical engineer and project manager in the architectural/engineering community for over 16 years on a variety of private, institutional, and government projects. An Engineering Design Principal for Kling's Southeast Region office in Raleigh, NC, Jeff oversees the firms engineering efforts of that office.

Jeff recently joined Kling, leaving M-E Engineers, Inc. in Denver, CO where he was the Engineer of Record for the University of Colorado Health Science Center Research Complex - 1. This 620,000 square foot bio-medical research lab will include 50,000 s.f. of Vivarium space. Prior to M-E Engineers, Jeff was a project manager at G.R.G. Vanderweil, Inc. in Maitland, FL. At Vanderweil he lead the engineering designs for many research labs including: University of Florida Physics Lab, Florida Tech Engineering and Life Sciences Labs, University of South Florida Health Science Center Research Complex, Florida International University Engineering Lab Renovation, and others. Beyond the research laboratory efforts Jeff has also managed a series of themed entertainment projects including Great American Ballpark in Cincinnati, Comerica Park in Detroit, and Universal Studios Islands of Adventure Area Development engineering designs.

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