Laboratory Energy Savings Design - A Case Study
TKG Consulting Engineers, Inc.
TKG will share how we anticipated HVAC operating costs
for a given facility with greater accuracy utilizing our database
of existing facilities to refine computerized cost models. Our presentation
will also show how we evaluate different HVAC systems for new laboratory
facilities by comparing the need of the new facility with those
of previously designed laboratories. The information analyzed will
include the number and type of hoods required, heat generation due
to people and equipment, hours of operation and building envelope
considerations. The presentation will summarize the outcome of different
HVAC system options for first costs, operating costs and payback.
The analysis will conclude with the actual energy usage of three
different facilities and offices designed.
TKG will show overall capitol and operations expenses for Research
and Development Pharmaceutical facilities. This will include actual
first costs for mechanical system installed in a multitude of facilities
from start-up to current large scale Research and Development facilities.
There are a number of cost sources and savings ideas that will be
shared including local utilities rebates for energy efficient design,
to customized diversities for equipment and utilities sizing that
will be shown to keep overall cost down based on actual facilities.
Systems being shown in our findings will include variable air volume
systems, energy efficient chilled water plants, piped utilities
and building control strategies. Actual cost for these systems and
operating costs will be outlined with a simple payback analysis
shown for all systems. Part of this overall equation will also include
the importance of proper commissioning, so that energy efficient
systems that are installed operate at their premium efficiency.
As engineers striving to provide the most cost effective energy
efficient systems, it is our goal to provide as much information
as possible for the laboratory design community. The more information
that is shared among peers and associates, the more educated the
end users become. It is important to take the "whole building"
approach, including building envelopes, building mass and site orientation,
daylighting, electrical usage, and mechanical systems. The project
that we designed for Pfizer (which will be used as part of our Case
Study) was the first laboratory building in San Diego, CA that received
a maximum utility company energy rebate based on its' extremely
energy efficient design. In addition, other renewable energy systems
include reclaimed water for cooling tower use.
For over twenty years, Paul
Gibson, P.E., has been providing mechanical and electrical
engineering solutions with an emphasis in energy efficiency and
optimum system operation. Paul was educated at State University
at New York in Air Conditioning Technology, and California Polytechnic
State University, San Luis Obispo in Environmental Engineering.
This, coupled with an early (brief) career as a service mechanic
and three years with Carrier Corporation, have helped diversify
his background. Mr. Gibson has directed and supervised engineering
for R&D Laboratories, Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Facilities,
Medical Facilities, Hi-rise Residential Buildings, various remodel
and new construction projects as well as commercial office complexes.
Some projects include: San Diego International Airport - Lindbergh
Field; University of California - San Diego, California; California
State University - San Marcos, California; Kaiser Permanente Medical
Center - San Diego, California; The Scripps Research Institute -
La Jolla, California; ISIS Pharmaceuticals - Carlsbad, California;
Cytel Corporation - San Diego, California; Telios Pharmaceuticals
- San Diego, California; Aselsan Microelectronics Facility - Ankara,
Turkey; Merck Pharmaceuticals - San Diego, California and Pfizer
Pharmaceuticals, San Diego, California.