Vivarium Designs, Trends, Benchmarks and Sustainable Elements
Jeffrey L. Heiken
and John D. Neilson,
This presentation will identify strategies and solutions
for animal facilities in university, governmental, and private industry
settings that promote sustainable design. We will examine a series
of recent projects and highlight features of lab plan layout and
system support. Optimization of room sizing will be benchmarked
through the various owner types (utilizing approximately 10 recent
vivarium designs taken evenly from the 3 different owner types)
with a demonstration of different floor plan metrics, and material
selections that promote operational energy and space efficiencies.
An emphasis on sustainable design issues and unique features sensitive
to the specialized vivarium environment will be featured, with a
perspective of the Architectural Engineering and owners view on
LEED point system. Items and systems such as cage washing
robotics, chemical digesters, ventilated racks, and interstitial
space will be highlighted as sustainable elements due to their impact
on the operational function of the modern vivarium.
We hope to present a cross section of different vivarium owners,
university, governmental, and pharmaceutical, and demonstrate some
of the differences and similarities amongst the various groups.
We can show from our recent and active projects, trends for corridor
system type, robotic utilization, and service distribution. We further
hope to demonstrate features relating to cage and rack densities
in the various rooms for the various owners. Emphasis will be given
toward highlighting sustainable elements within the vivarium environment.
We hope to present the value seen in utilization of labor saving
equipment and systems in the animal facility. System designed innovations
from rack ventilation and airside balancing devices, to gray water
reuse, to interstitial versus service chase mechanical spaces will
be presented as 'sustainable' elements in their ability to improve
operation and reduce labor.
We see a demonstration where the designs and features presented
work to enhance the ergonomics and material selections of various
modern animal holding facilities. We look to display where design
implementations simultaneously incorporate building efficiency in
the use of space, the different vivariums' material handling, post
occupancy maintenance operations and performance tracking. Macro
and micro-environmental provisions will demonstrate several innovative
system approaches that serve to protect the well being of the research
animals as well as the user groups and caretakers. Various energy
and water conservation features will be detailed and benchmarked
against the different University, governmental and private industry
types of vivarium owner groups.
Jeffrey L. Heiken, P.E.,
is an Engineering Design Principal and head of engineering in Kling's
Southeast region office in Raleigh, North Carolina. He has 17 years
as a mechanical engineer working on a wide variety of research facilities.
Mr. Heiken has presented on topics related to research laboratories,
and animal rooms at Tradelines and Labs21 conferences. Mr. Heiken
co-chairs the student activities committee for ASHRAE's Triangle
chapter, and is co-chair of the legal committee for the exploratory
group currently working to form a Green Building Council in Central
North Carolina. Mr. Heiken holds a BS in Petroleum and Natural Gas
Engineering from the Pennsylvania State University.
John D. Neilson, AIA,
is Director of Projects for Kling and specializes in the planning,
design and construction of research facilities and vivariums. Mr.
Neilson is a frequent speaker at conferences including Tradeline,
AALAS, Labs21 and ISPE. His project work includes the EPA's research
facility at Fort Meade, Maryland which incorporated numerous sustainable