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Synergies in Sustainable Concepts for Laboratory Design at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Gary Watkins, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Trip Grant, Flad & Associates
Bruce A. McLay, Affiliated Engineers, NW, Inc.

This presentation discusses the innovative design concepts being applied at Battelle LSL-II laboratory expansion in Richland, WA. Innovative design concepts analyzed include chilled beams and ground source cooling and the synergy between these technologies, and condensing boilers and air-to-air heat recovery and the synergy between those technologies. Other concepts evaluated include optimal building orientation, daylighting, small-scale cogeneration, building-integrated photovoltaics, and water-saving plumbing fixtures.

Labs21 Connection:

The sustainable goal for this project was to reach a certifiable level, however, as the team progressed through the conceptual design, it was apparent that it is conceivable that a vivarium/laboratory intensive facility could potentially reach the LEED™ silver certification level. Each concept that was analyzed was not unique, individually, however, combining these multiple concepts into a single design, provides for an integrated approach. This included not only an analysis of sustainable design concepts but also interactions and synergies between sustainable design concepts.

The approach includes a whole-building analysis, is life-cycle cost based, incorporates a wide range of energy- and water-saving measures, and includes analysis of on-site power generation and renewable power sources. This approach is anticipated to provide an efficient building along with the potential to greatly reduce maintenance & operations cost and time, thus reducing the impact to research projects.


Gary S. Watkins, AIA, LEED™, AP, is an NCARB registered Architect and holds licenses in the states of Texas and Washington and has over 10 years of experience in the field of architecture. His experience includes many aspects of architecture such as healthcare, hospitality, retail, research, office interiors, and industrial. Experience with multiple firms has given him a very diverse range of skills. He recently joined Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) working within Facility Projects and Engineering, where he provides architectural and design services ranging from campus planning to laboratory design.

Trip Grant, AIA, LEED™, AP, is a project manager and architect with Flad & Associates in Madison, Wisconsin. He focuses on projects in the science and technology industries including micro-electronics, nano technology, and sensitive instrument facilities. He has lead sustainable design workshops for client and project teams on academic and research projects seeking LEED™ certification. He is a member of the American Institute of Architects and a LEED™ Accredited Professional with the U.S. Green Building Council

Bruce A. McLay, PE, LEED™ AP, is a Project Manager for Affiliated Engineers' Seattle office. He has more than 15 years experience including project management, sustainable mechanical design, and energy analysis for research laboratory clients including the National Institutes of Health, Battelle, the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Genentech, and Amgen.


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